Here at Simone Thomas hair loss clinic and hairdressers in Bournemouth and Wokingham we see many cases of hair loss in children. Over the next few weeks our blogs will be about the common conditions associated with hair loss in children. This blog is centred on Tinea Capitis which is ringworm of the scalp.
Tinea Capitis (ringworm of the scalp) is a disease caused by a superficial fungal infection of the skin around the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelashes, with a tendency for attacking hair shafts and follicles and causing hair loss. The disease is considered to be a form of superficial mycosis or dermatophytosis. Several other names are used when referring to this infection, including ringworm of the scalp and Tinea Tonsurans.
The Tinea Capitis infection is the most common cause of hair loss in children.
Children with Tinea Capitis usually have patchy hair loss with some broken-off hairs visible just above the surface of the scalp. The patches of hair loss are usually round or oval, but sometimes irregular. Sometimes the hairs are broken right at the surface, and look like little black dots on the scalp. Sometimes grey flakes or scales are seen.
Treatment: Tinea Capitis is usually treated with an antifungal medication taken orally. Tinea Capitis is also treated with a special shampoo, which is used to wash the scalp 2-3 times a week. It is very important to continue the use of the oral medication and shampoo for the entire 8 weeks. Treatment failure is common when medications are not taken everyday for the full 8 weeks and hair loss continues.
Children who have Tinea Capitis are not required to leave school if treatment is used as directed. Most children are not contagious when using the oral medication and shampoo. Many forms of hair loss are either self-limited (Telogen Effluvium or drug side effects) or respond to treatment with medication (Tinea Capitis). Even hereditary female and male pattern baldness tends to improve with treatment. However, treatment must continue indefinitely. In some conditions, hair loss cannot be reversed, especially if scarring has developed (as can happen in lupus-related scalp disease).
Here at Simone Thomas we suggest you seek medical advice from your GP who will be able to diagnose and prescribe the correct medication and treatment for your child. If you feel that your child may be suffering from hair loss, please call 01202 760 003 to book a hair loss consultation. Simone Thomas provide a variety of hair loss treatments such as hair extensions, hair pieces and real human hair wigs.